Long o words with ow

Some spelling considerations are less about clear rules to follow than frequency and expectations. Such is the situation for spelling the long o sound. O-e is the most common spelling for the lengthy o sound in the middle of a word, however oa isn’t far behind. Ow is the a lot of prevalent means to spell the lengthy o sound at the finish of words. What then of oe? Or what around o by itself?

Roe Row Ro the Boat? Let’s Talk About Long O Sounds

Rather than teaching the consumption of oa, oe, and also ow as a sepaprice lesboy, it is somepoint that I generally introduce once teaching each phoneme and also revisit it regularly in the time of dictation and SOS. It may be valuable to perform a particular leskid on intake down the road or to preserve a chart of well-known words for each spelling pattern. This form of frequency-dependent spelling is well suited to developing image stories as a way of remembering.

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This is a spelling generalization you would teach well after VCe syllables, long o as an open up syllable and also vowel teams OA, OW and also OE. This is also a time once homophones and also homographs are really going to come in handy. Creating homophone dictionaries where students have the right to compose the words and also show them is an excellent method to assist the definitions and also the spellings stick. Read, “Building An Understanding of Homophones” for even more tips.

If we focus on the vowel groups, the initially consideration for picking a lengthy o spelling is position in the word. When the long o sound is at the start or middle of a word, oa would certainly be the logical alternative. At the finish of words ow is the most regular alternative.

Some words that follow this generalization include:

Oat coach boat soap toad

Throw home window pillow grow snow

While this is quite directly forward, it is vital to note that tbelow is no method to tell without reading the word in conmessage whether ow is pronounced as long o as in scurrently or ow as in cow. And in fact, this raises a perfect chance to address homographs (words that are spelled the very same, pronounced in a different way and that have actually a different meaning). You might present row as in an argument and row as in rowing a watercraft and sow meaning a mom pig and also sow definition to plant seeds. This is where having that homophone dictionary have the right to come in handy.

A noteworthy exemption to ow at the finish of words is once an irconsistent past tense is created via n as in:thrvery own grown blown

While oe is likewise commonly found at the finish of words, or words as part of much longer compound words, it has a very limited and particular consumption. I frequently teach students that tbelow are not a lot of words that finish in oe and that they are generally brief three and four letter words. I make it a suggest to show students that those exact same 3 or 4 letter words can be component of a compound word.

Some words that follow this expectation include:toe roe hoe opponent woe tiptoe toenail

Long o is written as a single o at the finish of many type of short words prefer no, go, and also so. It is also supplied at the end of longer words, yet frequently those words come from other languages and also are pets, food or musical terms. Some words that follow this pattern include:hippo dingo mango taco banjo alto

In order to teach this spelling convention, it is advantageous for students to be able to:

Segment 4 or 5 sounds,Be acquainted via the vowel team syllable type and also have actually currently learned the multiple long o vowel groups. I indicate teaching the phonogram ow as in plow initially prior to tackling the finishing long o phonograms. I additionally discover it is beneficial to teach ow much previously than oe, based upon frequency. It is crucial that students make their spelling options for the base word prior to including suffixes.

Students can usage some guiding concerns to help them make a decision once writing a brand-new word:

What is the base word?Wright here perform I hear the vowel sound?

Is this word or syllable one of the short words that might end in oe?

Some teaching concepts include:

Sorting – You deserve to kind words by spelling or kind photos by vowel location to build phonemic awareness abilities.

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Start from the recognized – Many kind of students have actually a repertoire of sight words such as no, go, toe, boat, and scurrently that they are already acquainted with. These words can act as anchors to aid students apply the spelling considerations.

Resee activities – Playing games through spelling options wbelow students need to select oa or ow to complete a given word additionally reinpressures this principle.

Dictation – When using long o words in dictation, it is advantageous to administer some scaffolding via prompts letting students know if a word consists of a vowel team or is composed as an open syllable. Be aware and also cautious of using homophones and also be ready to offer assistance to students as essential.

Games – Incorporate words via oa, ow, and oe vowel teams frequently in testimonial lists and also games.

Spiral and Review – I recommfinish keeping the oa, ow, and oe vowel cards as component of the card drill, blfinishing drill and also incorporating it right into dictation often. Be conscious that although students may be competent through creating one syllable words such as toe, grow and also float, they may not have the ability to make phonogram decisions as conveniently once spelling longer and also less familiar words such as toadstool, method, marshmallow, shadow, and also mistletoe.

Verbalize – It is handy to have students verbalize just how they know which spelling of the /o/ sound they are going to usage based on its location in the word.


While discovering about the long o spellings lacks the kind of predictable character of some other spelling rules, the complexities raised by homographs and also homonyms make this a perfect time to assistance your student in ending up being adept at utilizing spell checking tools, whether a dictionary or hand held spell checking tool. GO HERE for a fun freebie game your children could enjoy!

If you are seeking more advanced exercise, you’ll want to inspect out this Spelling Generalizations bundle.


Be certain to capture the other spelling generalization blog short articles HERE for LOTS more tips. I’ve acquired you extended.