In mathematical mode characters are spaced as if they were part of a solitary word, regardless of the actual area you insert. This write-up describes just how to insert spaces of various lengths in mathematical mode.

You watching: Latex space between equations

Assume we have actually the next sets


As you see in this instance, a mathematical message deserve to be explicitly spaced by indicates of some special commands

Open an instance in


The spacing depends on the command you insert, the example listed below contains a complete list of spaces and also exactly how they look like.

Spaces in mathematical mode.eginalign*f(x) &= x^2! +3x! +2 \f(x) &= x^2+3x+2 \f(x) &= x^2, +3x, +2 \f(x) &= x^2: +3x: +2 \f(x) &= x^2; +3x; +2 \f(x) &= x^2 +3x +2 \f(x) &= x^2quad +3xquad +2 \f(x) &= x^2qquad +3xqquad +2endalign*


Check the recommendation guide for a description of the regulates.

See more: Download Trio Pro Book 10.6 Review S: Trio Pro, Samsung Galaxy Book 10

Note: to check out a description of the align* atmosphere watch Aligning equations through amsmath

Open an example in

Operators spacing

Spacing about operators and relations in math mode are governed by particular skip lengths:

hinmuskip (by default it is equal to 3 mu)medmuskip (by default it is equal to 4 mu) hickmuskip (by default it is equal to 5 mu)


For relationnal operators, such as and also =, LaTeX creates hickmuskip space. But for binary operators such as +, - and x, the medmuskip area is collection. The difference is virtually unnoticeable.

Open an example in

User-identified binary and relational operators

You have the right to pressure the spacing used in binary or relational operators, so you deserve to specify your own.


The previous example sets a specific spacing prior to and after # by utilizing mathrel (relational) and also mathbin (binary) regulates.

Open an example in

Reference guide

Description of spacing commands

LaTeX codeDescription
quadspace equal to the present font dimension (= 18 mu)
,3/18 of quad (= 3 mu)
:4/18 of quad (= 4 mu)
;5/18 of quad (= 5 mu)
!-3/18 of quad (= -3 mu)
(area after backslash!)equivalent of room in normal text
qquadtwice of quad (= 36 mu)
More reading

For even more indevelopment see guides

LaTeX Basics


Figures and also tables

References and also Citations


Document structure





Field specific

Class files

Modern TeX/LaTeX